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Lumbar Disc Disease
Lumbar disc disease refers to a degeneration of the intervertebral discs – flexible pads of cartilage that act as shock absorbers – of the lower back. The degeneration is usually a result of a twisting injury to the lower back. It may also be caused by the accumulation of wear and tear on the spine over time. The disc bulges out and puts pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots, causing pain. Symptoms of lumbar disc disease include pain radiating from the lower back to the hips and legs, especially when sitting or bending.
Lumbar disc disease is diagnosed through a physical examination and MRI study. Treatment usually involves applying ice or heat and modifying activities to limit stress on the lower back. Anti-inflammatory medication or steroid injections may help relieve pain and inflammation. Surgery may be able to relieve more severe cases of lumbar disc disease.
The following are surgical procedures done to treat lumbar disc disease:
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